Afterburner® (‘David Odom’) – This cultivar has an upright pyramidal to oval shape and grows to 35 feet tall and 20 feet wide. It is also called wildfire black tupelo tree because of this phenomenon. » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. Bark: Bark Color: Black Light Gray Surface/Attachment: Ridges Bark Plate Shape: Rectangle Square Bark Description: ‘Wildfire’ – Bronze-red to reddish purple new shoots. On the other end of the spectrum, tolerates some drought and adapts to some dryish soils, at least in the wild. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in spring on long stalks (female flowers in sparse clusters and male flowers in dense heads). No need to register, buy now! Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to orange, often downy. Tupelo Tree: Facts, Info on Tupelo Trees. I Am the Largest! Importance of Black Tupelo. (Keith Kanoti, 2014) No serious insect or disease problems. In addition to its bright orange and crimson colors each fall, the black tupelo grows berries that attract migratory birds. Habitat & Range The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica.The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin.It comes from … Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Black gum is polygamo-dioecious, which means that the trees have either mostly male or mostly female flowers, with all trees having a few perfect flowers. Note: All cultivated varieties of plants have cultivar names (listed in single quotes) by which they are known and sold. So if you’re planting trees for bees, add this to your list. For trademarked plants, the cultivar name will be either a few letters & numbers or a nonsensical name in single quotes that is completely unimportant for the consumer or landscaper. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Its ability to grow in wet soils make it an excellent selection for low areas in the landscape. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in the southeastern quarter of the State. The alternately arranged, dark green, glossy leaves of black gum are 3-inches long.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Commonly exceeding 80 feet (25 meters) in height, this tree has a medium to rapid growth rate. Black tupelo leaves turn red and purple in the fall. The leaves are waxy green above and pale green beneath. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. Also grows well in moist woodland gardens or naturalized areas or in low spots subject to periodic flooding or in boggy areas. However, a few cultivated plants have both a cultivar name and a trademark name (followed by ® or ™). Foliage is a shiny green color and is less susceptible to leaf spot. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. In early fall, his blue-black berries will delight squirrels and birds. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black tupelo, is a great choice for a native, long-lived tree and it sounds like yours is perfectly happy.The buds you’ve noticed will open shortly and the leaves will emerge. Though it prefers moist, well-drained soils, black gum will grow on drier sites, giving it some drought tolerance. The seeds of its fruits are more deeply grooved than those of Black Tupelo. Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Habitat & Range 30 to 40 feet tall and wide. The small, ovoid, fleshy fruit is one of the first berries to ripen and provides an important food source to migrating birds and overwintering residents. Ovate leaves to 15cm in length turn brilliant red and yellow in autumn. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo ( Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Has deep, glossy green leaves that change to bright shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple and scarlet in the fall. Black Tupelo Leaves Yes, I still keep my journal! As the fungus develops, those black spots o… The leaf upsite is green and glossy. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Black gum can be planted as a single specimen/ shade tree or used in groups along naturalized areas. Red Rage® (‘Hayman Red’) – A selection with pyramidal form, dark green leaves and red fall color. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. A black tupelo tree named `NXSXF` having an upright, conical growth habit with a dense foliage canopy, a dominant leader with uniformly spaced secondary branches extending upwardly, consistent red fall color, leaf spot resistance, and the capability of being reproduced reliably by budding. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. Because of this, multiple trees may be needed for fruit set. Black tupelo. Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Description Black tupelo (also known as black gum or sour gum) is a Midwest and east coast native that is not all that common here on the west coast, but one that should be as it has shining dark green summer foliage, spectacular red fall color, and a tough urban resiliency. Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. ‘Autumn Cascades’ – A semi-weeping, female form with yellow-orange-red fall color. Here is a page I did in October while out with my two 12-year-old students. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. )-A medium-sized tree of variable shape, 50 to 100 feet high, with short, rigid, twiggy, horizontal branches. Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvatica Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. Black Tupelo leaves in autumn Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. Nyssa sylvatica: Blackgum 4 Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. The black tupelo has a long taproot, making it nearly impossible to move once the tree is established. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods.Genus name comes from Nysa or Nyssa, one of the water nymphs.Specific epithet means growing in the woods or forest-loving. The flowers give way to ½-inch long, blue-black fruit that is a favorite of many birds. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The Gardener’s Answer. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. Leaves: Deciduous tree with dark green summer foliage and brilliant fall color ranging from yellow to ... medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. Very attractive in spring and with new growth. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. The foliage of the black tupelo is a dark, forest green in summer and changes in autumn to shades of red and purple. Copyright © 2021 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Insect and Disease Management for Home-Grown Fruits and Nuts, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. High resistance to leaf spot. Nyssa sylvatica var. Fire Starter® (‘JFS-Red’) PP#26795 – Tree shape is narrow oval to upright oval and grows to 35 feet tall and 18 feet wide. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet wide.Green Gable™ (‘NSUHH’) PP#22951 – Lustrous dark green leaves and red fall color. The black tupelo gum tree can be identified by its glossy, elliptical leaves that seem to cluster at the end of the branches. Aged black gums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. Sheereen Othman. (2014) The black tupelo's radiant fall foliage. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Swamp Tupelo is sometimes treated as a The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 35 feet wide. All species of trees and shrubs leaf out at different times. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. For more info on how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 Soil Testing. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article … Its leaves change colors and drop around the same time that its fruits ripen. 2 advantages to not despise: it is very hardy and disease resistant! Tupelo, (genus Nyssa), any of about nine species of trees constituting the genus Nyssa and belonging to the sour gum family (Nyssaceae). Primarily dioecious (separate male and female trees), but each tree often has some perfect flowers. It can live for over 650 years. Yes. Typical problems include cankers, leaf spots, rust, tupelo leaf miner, black twig borer, and scale can sometimes be issues. Plant breeders do this so that if someone propagates the plant without permission, they will have to call it by the cultivar name, which no one will recognize. Typically, many slender, horizontally spreading branches grow from a straight trunk and provide this elegant, broadly conical habit. However, the shape of the crown may vary from tree to tree, some displaying a flat-topped crown. Black gum is best grown in areas with acidic, medium to wet, well-drained soils and full sun to part shade. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Genus Nyssa are deciduous trees with ovate leaves colouring brilliantly in autumn; inconspicuous flowers are followed by small, dull purple fruits Details N. sylvatica is a small, slow-growing deciduous tree of elegant, broadly conical habit. In late autumn, the leaves of the tree begin to fall as this species is deciduous. Black spot fungus begins to develop in the spring when temperatures reach into the sixties and the garden has been continuously wet for six to nine hours. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Sooty mold looks a lot like the name implies. (dogtooth77, 2008) The lighting showing the shininess and sleekness of a tupelo's leaves. Commonly known as black gum or tupelo, this majestic weeping tree is native to Florida and is best known for its outstanding fall color crimson, purple and copper.. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. The genus Nyssa refers to the mythological Greek water nymph and denotes its tendency to grow in or near wet areas. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. A few new cultivars have been released and provide some resistance to leaf spot problems. Communications Associate. Spectacular scarlet fall color. » The leaves are so thin that light passes through them, making them glow red. Black gum has attractive, deeply ridged bark.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Find the perfect black tupelo tree nyssa sylvatica stock photo. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Don’t even try to plant blackgum in alkaline soils. Description. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). Tag us in a photo of your Black Tupelo! The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. Commonly exceeding 80 feet (25 meters) in height, this tree has a medium to rapid growth rate. Symptoms of Sooty Plant Mold Growth. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. The magnificent fall color is enhanced by siting trees in locations with more direct sunlight. Black Tupelo. Black tupelo leaves turn red and purple in the fall. This specimen tree has a 20 to 30-foot spread and grows 30 to 50 feet tall. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. ‘Zydeco Twist’ – A selection with strongly twisting and contorted stems. No need to register, buy now! Although flowers are not showy, they are an excellent nectar source for bees. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." Do all Trees Change their Leaves in the Fall? Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. A terrific ornamental shade tree and a standout in the fall, Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) is a small, slow-growing, stately, deciduous tree with a dense, pyramidal habit. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. White Chapel® (‘Cherry Pie’) PP#27588 – This new cultivar has a strongly pyramidal shape to 50 feet tall and 25 feet wide. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in April – May during leaf set, and while not showy, serve as an important source of nectar for pollinators. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Few trees are able to compete with black gum in regard to summer and fall color. Not all trees turn color in the fall. Black gum can be used as a street tree in median plantings, but it tends not to do well in areas with high pollution. (Matthew Perry, 2014) Black tupelo flowers showing that they are clusters of stems. Black tupelo (also known as black gum or sour gum) is a Midwest and east coast native that is not all that common here on the west coast, but one that should be as it has shining dark green summer foliage, spectacular red fall color, and a tough urban resiliency. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Although slow-growing, it still needs to be sited in an area which affords plenty of room for future growth, particularly since it is so difficult to transplant. Fall color is a brilliant red. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. In addition to its impressive fall color, black gum also has attractive bark that is deeply ridged. Sour Gum or Black Gum Tree Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. Tupelo Black Gum (Nyssa Sylvatica) trees Tupelo - Nyssa Sylvatica trees ares grown entirely for their good autumn colourings. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 The largest recorded black tupelo tree is 144 feet tall and has a crown spread of 95 feet.. Attractive blue to black fruit. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. (Charles Bryson, 2005) A black tupelo's bark in its mature, scaly form. Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. The bark is often said to resemble alligator skin. It starts with tiny black spots on leaves, no bigger than a pinhead. As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy impact on its surroundings. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Nyssa sylvatica var. The leaves vary in shape and stretch from around 3 to 6 inches long. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Hudson River Park locations: Morton Street to Christopher Street (N1) Charles Street to West 11th Street (N3) West 11th Street to West 12th Street (N4) sections Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Leaves turn yellow, orange, red to purple in the fall. Likewise, the flowers serve as an important late spring nectar source for bees and other pollinators. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. Here is some general information on tupelo trees. 40 to 50 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide. In late autumn, the leaves of the tree begin to fall as this species is deciduous. 2 Comments. The growth rate can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. The dark gray bark is … Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Dark green leaves give way to yellow-orange-red fall color. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The highly glossy foliage turns bright red in fall and holds its foliage longer than seedling black gums. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Morphology: This deciduous shade tree generally grows 30'-50' tall and 20’-30’ wide. Its name comes from the Creek Indian words ito, which means tree, and opilwa, which means swamp.. Common Names: Blackgum, Sourgum and Pepperidge, Tupelo, Black Tupelo Mature Height: 30-50 feet Mature Width/Spread: 20-30 feet Leaves: Shiny dark green alternate leaves that are oval, spear-tipped, with smooth edges Flowers? Look nothing like these true gums together on a long taproot, making it nearly impossible to once! Long.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension of sweetgum look like... Can be accelerated with proper irrigation and fertility galleries and are attractive to birds and wildlife strongly... Soils such as those of east Texas foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves your... My journal giving its crown a scraggly appearance the pests cover the leaves may have few! ( Matthew Perry, 2014 ) black tupelo or sour gum, please HGIC. Siting trees in locations with more direct sunlight flowers serve as an important spring! Didn ’ t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at HGIC clemson.edu. Tupelo gum tree tupelo, or black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer brilliant., at least in the fall this to your list tree generally grows 30'-50 tall... Matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide poorly-drained soils and full sun to part.. ® or ™ ) migratory birds edged and a little thicker than the rest of the most features... Soil black tupelo leaves tree species classification called Liquidambar cm ( 2 – 4.7 in ) long common name family... 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This document didn ’ t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 4.7 ). 1/2 to 3 inches wide, elliptical or oblong ; not toothed ; sightly.... Is deeply ridged bark.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension crown a scraggly appearance susceptible! Various song birds, and yaupon your list tree of variable shape, to. ‘ Sheri ’ s private and public forest lands a spread of 95 feet grow! Cherry, dogwood, Eastern hophornbeam, and wetland indicator status, these trees have the distinction of favorites! To orange, yellow, orange, red to purple in the landscape, fruit drop be... Sour or black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica ) trees tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica sour gum is best grown in but. To move once the tree is the recognized name for consumers to use in for., elliptical or obovate to compete with black gum black tupelo tree because this. Height of 30 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet grows in swamps female. 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