It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Kârun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. It is a unique and exceptional ensemble in terms of its technical diversity and its completeness that testifies to human creative genius. Photo by Daisy Lorenzi | TasteIran. Why is the Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System so Significant? It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Kârun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. Criterion (v): Shushtar is a unique and exceptionally complete example of hydraulic techniques developed during ancient times to aid the occupation of semi-desert lands. The Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System testifies to the heritage and the synthesis of earlier Elamite and Mesopotamian knowhow; it was probably influenced by the Petra dam and tunnel and by Roman civil engineering. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System. In 2009, this historic industrial complex was registered in UNESCO world heritage site. These stairs connect the waterfall area to the residential area. under the reign of King Darius. Après une falaise spectaculaire, l’eau tombe en cascades dans le bassin aval, avant d’entrer dans la plaine au sud de la ville, où elle a permis le développement de vergers et de terres agricoles sur une surface de 40 000 ha. Este sitio es un testimonio del saber teórico y práctico de los antiguos elamitas y los pueblos mesopotámicos, de los conocimientos técnicos de la civilización nabatea posterior y de la influencia de la ingeniería civil del Imperio Romano. Located in south west Iran's Khuzestan Province. It is on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites as a masterpiece of creative and genius system. Khuzestan is a province with warm weather in southwestern part of Iran. They are located alongside a branch of the Gerger (Gar Gar River), near Sika. Because this city is tropical, the city's type of texture is also designed to cool its air. The Shooshtar Waterfalls (Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System) are considered to be an attractive historical site. The Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System sits in an urban and rural landscape specific to the expression of its value. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System. It is on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites as a masterpiece of creative and genius system. A hydralic system built on the river Kârun as far back as the 5th century B.C. The Shushtar hydraulic system, in its ensemble and most particularly the Shâdorvân Grand Weir (bridge-dam), has been considered a Wonder of the World not only by the Persians but also by the Arab-Muslims at the peak of their civilisation. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, Shushtar: See 122 reviews, articles, and 222 photos of Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, ranked No.1 on Tripadvisor among 4 attractions in Shushtar. Further east, the ancient Persians completed the Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System in the third century CE. It was registered on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 2009 and is Iran's 10th cultural heritage site to be registered on the United Nations' list. As we have mentioned in this Iran travel blog, this structure is very important in foreign countries, but people in our country are not familiar with this building. The Shooshtar Waterfalls (Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System) are considered to be an attractive historical site. It is complete, with numerous functions, and large-scale, making it exceptional. Dams in Shushtar; Commonly searched for in Shushtar. Located in Khuzestan Province, the site was registered on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 2009, as Iran’s 10th cultural heritage site to be registered on the United Nation’s list. History of Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, Shushtar: See 122 reviews, articles, and 222 photos of Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, ranked No.1 on Tripadvisor among 4 attractions in Shushtar. ويشمل الممتلك مجموعة من المواقع الرائعة، من بينها قلعة سالاسيل، والمركز التشغيلي للمنظومة الهيدرولية بأكملها، والبرج الذي يُقاس فيه منسوب المياه، وسدود، وجسور، وأحواض وطواحين. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0. The Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System demonstrates outstanding universal value as in its present form, it dates from the 3rd century CE, probably on older bases from the 5th century BCE. Salasel Castle; Sights & Landmarks in Shushtar. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0. Other chambers called “Shovadon” are made in parallel with the water flow velocity ducts. I had completely forgotten that this was on our itinerary touring Iran. Shushtar historical hydraulic system is a masterpiece to the fullest and represents the advancement of industry and technology in ancient Iran. 2020-11-23 18:55 During the Sassanid Empire, the Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System started to irrigate the lands. Ibn Battuta, one of the world's biggest tourists, praised the Shushtar city and call its scholars genius. Tens of books and articles about this collection are written and thousands of tourists visit this collection every year. Darius, the king of Achaemenid dynasty has begun the construction of this great structure, although it has been restored and completed in many years by various dynasties, including the Sassanid dynasty. Nature & Parks in Shushtar. Located in south west Iran's Khuzestan Province. J.-C. Il s’agit de deux grands canaux de dérivation des eaux de la rivière Kârun. known as Mianâb (Paradise). It testifies to the exchange of considerable influences in hydraulic engineering and its application throughout antiquity and the Islamic period under the various Iranian dynasties. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System located in Iran’s Khuzestan Province. Ancient arc bridge, built by the Romans in the 3rd century AD. The Shushtar system is a homogeneous hydraulic system, designed globally and completed in the 3rd century CE. Located in Iran's Khuzestan Province. Shushtar historical hydraulic system is an interconnected set of bridges, weirs and dams, mills, water cascades, canals, and tunnels. It is as rich in its diversity of civil engineering structures and its constructions as in the diversity of its uses (urban water supply, mills, irrigation, river transport, and defensive system). Reviewed November 27, 2019 . The main task of Shushtar historical hydraulic system is to block the Gargar river, so that the surface of the water can be used to drain the tunnels in the slate. One of these impressive aqueducts i… In the south of the waterfalls, a 4,000-year-old stone stepped stone stove has more than 200 steps. By diverting a river flowing down the mountains, using large-scale civil engineering structures and the creation of canals, it made possible multiple uses for the water across a vast territory: urban water supply, agricultural irrigation, fish farming, mills, transport, defence system, etc. Download this stock image: Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, Khuzestan, Iran, Asia - W1TK98 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. Daarna vloeit het over in een 40.000 hectare groot gebied ten zuiden van de stad, waar het de aanplant van boomgaarden en landbouw ondersteunt. Rod F. Royal Wootton Bassett, United Kingdom. The idea had been taken from the ancient expertise of the Elamites and then influenced by Roman technicians. Hotels near Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System; Hotels near Salasel Castle; Near Airports. Book on ‘masterpiece of creative genius’ published for the unsighted TEHRAN – A book on the UNESCO-registered Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, which is known globally as a ‘masterpiece of creative genius’, has recently been published in Braille. It is interesting to know that Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is more well known in the world than Iran! Efforts directed to the restoration of attributes that demonstrate authenticity must be pursued. Jane Dieulafoy, the famous French archeologist, in an account of her travels, has referred to this site as the largest industrial complex before the Industrial Revolution. According to Ghrishman, the French archeologist, the cave found in north of Shushtar is the first human settlement in Iran dates back to 5000 B.C. Het hydraulisch systeem van Shushtar staat te boek als meesterwerk van een creatief genie en is terug te voeren naar Darius de Grote in de 5e eeuw voor Christus. Le système hydraulique historique de Shushtar a été inscrit en tant que chef d’œuvre du génie créateur humain. dénommée Mianaâb (Le paradis). Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is an island city from the Sassanid era with a complex irrigation system. L’un d’entre eux, le canal Gargar, fournit encore de l’eau à la ville de Shustar par une série de tunnels et fait fonctionner tout un ensemble de moulins. Aqueducts provided a way for cities to get a reliable supply of water from nearby sources and carry it to them for easy access. Its many visitors marvelled at it and were in turn inspired. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, is an island city from the Sassanian era (651-224 BC) with a complex irrigation system. Web Browser not supported for ESRI ArcGIS API version 4.10. Uno de ellos, el canal de Gargar, todavía abastece de agua a la ciudad de Shushtar, atravesando toda una red de túneles y haciendo funcionar un conjunto de molinos hidráulicos. Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. This is a must visit place for people who love to explore the remarkable engineering achievements. French archaeologist Jean Diulafova named the structure as the largest industrial complex before the Industrial Revolution. 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