Nyssa sylvatica. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. The bark is light grey and deeply furrowed to create rectangular or square ridges (cobbled). Black gum tree, tupelo, black tupelo, sour gum tree, pepperidge: Plant Type: Tree: Mature Size: 30-50 ft. tall, 20-30 ft. wide: Sun Exposure: Full, partial: Soil Type: Moist, well-drained: Soil pH: Acidic: Bloom Time: Spring: Flower Color : Greenish-white: Hardiness Zones: 3-9 (USDA) Native Area: North America: Toxicity: Nontoxic: Black Gum Tree Care . Blackgum or tupelo trees (missing the “swamp” in front of their common name—aka Nyssa sylvatica) are actually excellent landscape trees that can thrive in home landscapes. These species include caterpillars of several moths that feed on the foliage: Allotria elonympha (False Underwing), Antispila nysaefoliella (Tupelo Leafminer), Comachara cadburyi (Cadbury's Mystique), Darapsa pholus (Azalea Sphinx), Malacosoma disstria (Forest Tent Caterpillar), … This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. The fruits (berries) are enjoyed by thrushes and other songbirds, wild turkeys, black bear, foxes, raccoons and opossums from August through October. This species is native to the eastern United States and … The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. Marshall. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The water tupelo has a range nearly identical to … Forestry Tree Identification By: Johnny M. Jessup FFA Advisor/Agriculture Teacher American Holly Ash Beech Birch Black Cherry Black Gum Black Locust Black Oak Black Walnut Chestnut Oak Cottonwood Cypress Dogwood Elm Hemlock Hickory Loblolly Pine Long Leaf Pine Northern Red Oak Persimmon Post Oak Red Cedar Red Maple Redbud Scarlet Oak Shortleaf Pine Sourwood Southern Red Oak Sweet Gum … Native ... Field office illustrated guide to plant species. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and fertilizer schedule. Elevation-wise, it prefers to grow low on highlands of up to 3,000 ft. Further, it is also known to prefer wetlands. American Beech. It is a hardy specimen and … USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. However, this same structure makes the wood … This tree is an excellent choice to support wildlife in the landscape. Its crown is a narrow oval and the tan colored bark has vertical furrows. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Bark: It has … The blackgum tupelo has interesting characteristics. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. One thing that distinguishes this tree is its fine-textured, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Tree Identification Field Guide. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. Usage Requirements. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Taller options available for most trees. Elevation-wise, it prefers to grow low on highlands of up to … The black gum tree is found in moist areas of the eastern United States and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. It is striking throughout the year, and as it grows older, its graceful, drooping branches add to the distinct … The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Plant Guide. Black Tupelo "Blackgum", "Pepperidge" (Nyssa sylvatica) Height 50-100' Swamp tupelo information tells us that it is a tree that can soar to over 100 feet (30 m.) in height and swell out to 4 feet (1.2 m.) in diameter. Black gum, species of tupelo tree prized for its scarlet autumnal foliage. The honey bees produce from the flowers of this tree is highly prized. The species' common name, tupelo, is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito "tree" and opilwa "swamp"; it was in use by the mid-18th century.. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica. The blackgum grows on a variety of sites with moist, rich soils near … Known by several common names, including black gum, sourgum, pepperidge, black tupelo, and tupelogum, the tree is native throughout the eastern United States. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. Black gum trees are generally … The common name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. It withstands wind and ice and salt spray in coastal locations. What Tree Is That? It is not found in deep swamps or in lands subject to periodic inundation with water. It is tolerant of drought, heat, dry and wet soils, and moderately salt tolerant. In North America, there are several species of tupelo: black, black gum or swamp tupelo (N. sylvatica, swamp tupelo var. The elliptical shaped leaves transform from green to shades of orange, yellow and red marking the start of the fall season. Key Identifying Characteristics:  Leaf shape (broadest near the tip), irregular coarse teeth near the tips of some leaves, and branches held more or less 90 degrees to the main stem. ... Tree species identification label, National arboretum, Westonbirt arboretum, Gloucestershire, England, UK - Nyssa Sylvatica, Tupelo tree. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. Pignut Hickory. Distribution: Eastern North America. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. Black Cherry. Leaf miner and scale are occasional insect pests. Names. Individual flowers are about an 1/8 of an inch. Danny shows you what a black gum tree looks like, talks about its uses, and benefits of having it on your property. It can grow … It is one of the most important food sources for fall song bird migration. Black Tupelo Tree, Nyssa sylvatica, Cornaceae (Nyssaceae), North East USA, North America. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) Common Name(s): Black Tupelo ... (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and 1/2 to 3 inches wide, alternate, roughly oval with sharp, blunt points. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet,  but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. … Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Bark on younger trees is furrowed between flat ridges and matures into quadrangular blocks that are dense, hard, and nearly black. In the late summer to mid-fall the tree produces a bluish black egg-shaped 1/2 inch wide fruit clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2 inches long. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. A close relative of water tupelo, black gum is growing in popularity as a landscaping tree. Female trees only. Most Nyssa species are highly tolerant of wet soils and flooding, and … Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. In the wild, it’s usually found in the Ozarks and Bootheel, but with people planting it in their yards, you might find it anywhere in the state. Mockernut Hickory. Synonyms. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. The tree’s roots spread out on all sides of the tree, and they produce sprouts that can turn into new trees. 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